TitleHigh-Efficiency Response Distribution–Based Item Selection Algorithms for Short-Length Cognitive Diagnostic Computerized Adaptive Testing
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsZheng, C, Chang, H-H
JournalApplied Psychological Measurement
AbstractCognitive diagnostic computerized adaptive testing (CD-CAT) purports to obtain useful diagnostic information with great efficiency brought by CAT technology. Most of the existing CD-CAT item selection algorithms are evaluated when test length is fixed and relatively long, but some applications of CD-CAT, such as in interim assessment, require to obtain the cognitive pattern with a short test. The mutual information (MI) algorithm proposed by Wang is the first endeavor to accommodate this need. To reduce the computational burden, Wang provided a simplified scheme, but at the price of scale/sign change in the original index. As a result, it is very difficult to combine it with some popular constraint management methods. The current study proposes two high-efficiency algorithms, posterior-weighted cognitive diagnostic model (CDM) discrimination index (PWCDI) and posterior-weighted attribute-level CDM discrimination index (PWACDI), by modifying the CDM discrimination index. They can be considered as an extension of the Kullback–Leibler (KL) and posterior-weighted KL (PWKL) methods. A pre-calculation strategy has also been developed to address the computational issue. Simulation studies indicate that the newly developed methods can produce results comparable with or better than the MI and PWKL in both short and long tests. The other major advantage is that the computational issue has been addressed more elegantly than MI. PWCDI and PWACDI can run as fast as PWKL. More importantly, they do not suffer from the problem of scale/sign change as MI and, thus, can be used with constraint management methods together in a straightforward manner.