|Title||An item response model for characterizing test compromise|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2002|
|Journal||Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics|
|Keywords||computerized adaptive testing|
This article presents an item response model for characterizing test-compromise that enables the estimation of item-preview and score-gain distributions observed in on-demand high-stakes testing programs. Model parameters and posterior distributions are estimated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) procedures. Results of a simulation study suggest that when at least some of the items taken by a small sample of test takers are known to be secure (uncompromised), the procedure can provide useful summaries of test-compromise and its impact on test scores. The article includes discussions of operational use of the proposed procedure, possible model violations and extensions, and application to computerized adaptive testing.