|Title||Construction of Gratitude Scale Using Polytomous Item Response Theory Model|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Conference Name||IACAT 2017 Conference|
|Publisher||Niigata Seiryo University|
|Conference Location||Niigata, Japan|
|Keywords||Gratitude Scale, polytomous items|
Various studies have shown that gratitude is essential to increase the happiness and quality of life of every individual. Unfortunately, research on gratitude still received little attention, and there is no standardized measurement for it. Gratitude measurement scale was developed overseas, and has not adapted to the Indonesian culture context. Moreover, the scale development is generally performed with classical theory approach, which has some drawbacks. This research will develop a gratitude scale using polytomous Item Response Theory model (IRT) by applying the Partial Credit Model (PCM).
The pilot study results showed that the gratitude scale (with 44 items) is a reliable measure (α = 0.944) and valid (meet both convergent and discriminant validity requirements). The pilot study results also showed that the gratitude scale satisfies unidimensionality assumptions.
The test results using the PCM model showed that the gratitude scale had a fit model. Of 44 items, there was one item that does not fit, so it was eliminated. Second test results for the remaining 43 items showed that they fit the model, and all items were fit to measure gratitude. Analysis using Differential Item Functioning (DIF) showed four items have a response bias based on gender. Thus, there are 39 items remaining in the scale.