TitleInvestigation of Response Changes in the GRE Revised General Test
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsLiu, OLydia, Bridgeman, B, Gu, L, Xu, J, Kong, N
JournalEducational and Psychological Measurement
AbstractResearch on examinees’ response changes on multiple-choice tests over the past 80 years has yielded some consistent findings, including that most examinees make score gains by changing answers. This study expands the research on response changes by focusing on a high-stakes admissions test—the Verbal Reasoning and Quantitative Reasoning measures of the GRE revised General Test. We analyzed data from 8,538 examinees for Quantitative and 9,140 for Verbal sections who took the GRE revised General Test in 12 countries. The analyses yielded findings consistent with prior research. In addition, as examinees’ ability increases, the benefit of response changing increases. The study yielded significant implications for both test agencies and test takers. Computer adaptive tests often do not allow the test takers to review and revise. Findings from this study confirm the benefit of such features.