TitleComparison Between Dichotomous and Polytomous Scoring of Innovative Items in a Large-Scale Computerized Adaptive Test
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsJiao, H, Liu, J, Haynie, K, Woo, A, Gorham, J
JournalEducational and Psychological Measurement
Publication Languageeng

This study explored the impact of partial credit scoring of one type of innovative items (multiple-response items) in a computerized adaptive version of a large-scale licensure pretest and operational test settings. The impacts of partial credit scoring on the estimation of the ability parameters and classification decisions in operational test settings were explored in one real data analysis and two simulation studies when two different polytomous scoring algorithms, automated polytomous scoring and rater-generated polytomous scoring, were applied. For the real data analyses, the ability estimates from dichotomous and polytomous scoring were highly correlated; the classification consistency between different scoring algorithms was nearly perfect. Information distribution changed slightly in the operational item bank. In the two simulation studies comparing each polytomous scoring with dichotomous scoring, the ability estimates resulting from polytomous scoring had slightly higher measurement precision than those resulting from dichotomous scoring. The practical impact related to classification decision was minor because of the extremely small number of items that could be scored polytomously in this current study.

Refereed DesignationRefereed