TitleThe comparison among item selection strategies of CAT with multiple-choice items
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsHai-qi, D, De-zhi, C, Shuliang, D, Taiping, D
JournalActa Psychologica Sinica
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number0439-755X (Print)
Accession Number2006-20552-017
KeywordsCAT, computerized adaptive testing, graded response model, item selection strategies, multiple choice items

The initial purpose of comparing item selection strategies for CAT was to increase the efficiency of tests. As studies continued, however, it was found that increasing the efficiency of item bank using was also an important goal of comparing item selection strategies. These two goals often conflicted. The key solution was to find a strategy with which both goals could be accomplished. The item selection strategies for graded response model in this study included: the average of the difficulty orders matching with the ability; the medium of the difficulty orders matching with the ability; maximum information; A stratified (average); and A stratified (medium). The evaluation indexes used for comparison included: the bias of ability estimates for the true; the standard error of ability estimates; the average items which the examinees have administered; the standard deviation of the frequency of items selected; and sum of the indices weighted. Using the Monte Carlo simulation method, we obtained some data and computer iterated the data 20 times each under the conditions that the item difficulty parameters followed the normal distribution and even distribution. The results were as follows; The results indicated that no matter difficulty parameters followed the normal distribution or even distribution. Every type of item selection strategies designed in this research had its strong and weak points. In general evaluation, under the condition that items were stratified appropriately, A stratified (medium) (ASM) had the best effect. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved)